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Exploring the Different Types of Freight: What You Need to Know

As a leading New York City-based trucking company, Iron Horse Transport understands the importance of efficiently transporting various types of freight. Whether you’re new to the industry or looking to expand your knowledge, understanding the different types of freight and their unique characteristics is crucial for success. In this blog post, we’ll explore the diverse world of freight and provide insights into what you need to know about each type.

  1. Dry Goods:

    Dry goods are one of the most common types of freight transported by trucking companies like Iron Horse Transport. These goods include items such as electronics, clothing, furniture, and packaged food products. One key aspect of dry goods is their sensitivity to environmental factors like moisture and temperature. Proper packaging and handling techniques are essential to ensure the safe delivery of dry goods to their destination.

  2. Refrigerated Freight:

    Also known as “reefer” freight, refrigerated freight requires specialized temperature-controlled trailers to transport items like perishable food products, pharmaceuticals, and sensitive chemicals. Maintaining precise temperature levels throughout the journey is critical to preserving the quality and safety of the goods. Iron Horse Transport’s fleet of refrigerated trucks is equipped to handle such freight with precision and care.

  3. Hazardous Materials (Hazmat):

    Hazmat freight includes substances that are classified as hazardous due to their potential risks to health, safety, or the environment. Examples of hazmat items include flammable liquids, corrosive materials, and radioactive substances. Transporting hazmat freight requires compliance with strict regulations and specialized training for drivers. Iron Horse Transport prioritizes safety and adheres to all regulatory requirements when handling hazmat shipments.

  4. Oversized and Heavy Haul:

    Some freight items exceed standard size and weight limits, requiring specialized equipment and permits for transportation. This category includes machinery, construction materials, and oversized equipment. Iron Horse Transport’s experienced team has the expertise to handle oversized and heavy haul shipments, ensuring secure transport and timely delivery.

  5. Liquid Bulk:

    Liquid bulk freight encompasses liquids transported in large quantities, such as petroleum products, chemicals, and food-grade liquids. Specialized tanker trailers are used for liquid bulk transportation, with a focus on preventing spills and ensuring proper containment. Iron Horse Transport employs rigorous safety protocols and trained professionals to manage liquid bulk shipments effectively.


The world of freight is diverse, encompassing a wide range of products and transportation requirements. Whether it’s dry goods, refrigerated freight, hazmat items, oversized hauls, or liquid bulk, each type of freight comes with its unique challenges and considerations. Iron Horse Transport’s commitment to safety, reliability, and expertise makes us a trusted partner for handling all types of freight with precision and care. Contact us today for reliable transportation solutions tailored to your specific needs.